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Patriarch of Belarusian Studies

Patriarch of Belarusian Studies
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Outstanding Slavic philologist, ethnographer, paleographer, author of the first scientific dissertation on the Belarusian language in the history of linguistics, Evfimy Karsky - 160 years (1861-1931).

Evfimiy Karsky was the founder of the Belarusian scientific linguistics and literary criticism, the creator of the “encyclopedia” of Belarusian studies, a scientist who confirmed the national identity of his people, revealed the multifaceted and long-term process of development of the spiritual culture of Belarusians.

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The family of Y.F. Karsky. Warsaw. 1905

achievements he was awarded the gold medal of the Russian Geographical Society.

In 1896 he defended his thesis "Western Russian translations of the psalter in the XV-XVII centuries." The Council of Moscow University awarded E.F. Karsky academic degree of Doctor of Philology.

Karsky undertook a scientific expedition across Belarus in order to determine the ethnographic border of the Belarusian nation and language, to identify the characteristic features of the Belarusian speech in the border zone with the Ukrainian and Polish dialects. The result of the expedition was the publication in the same year in Warsaw of the first volume of the fundamental work “Belarusians”, which later deserved the name “encyclopedia of Belarusian studies”.

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Шмат унікальных архіўных матэрыялаў, звязаных з жыццём, навуковай і грамадскай дзейнасцю Я.Ф. Карскага ў алічбаваным выглядзе даступны на сайце “Архівы Беларусі”. За біяграфічнымі звесткамі раім таксама звяртацца да анлайн-энцыклапедыі “Беларусь у асобах i падзеях”.

Unfortunately, in Soviet times, the fate of the famous scientist was difficult. Evfimy Karsky died on April 29, 1931. He was buried at the Smolensk Orthodox cemetery in St. Petersburg.

96 books have been written by Karsky during 48 years of scientific activity.

There are many unique archival materials related to the life, scientific and social activities of E.F. Karsky in digital form are available on the website "Archives of Belarus". For biographical information, we also recommend referring to the online encyclopedia “Belarus in persons and events”.

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Bibliology Research Department

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One might drop by a bookstore in search of timeless classics, and find… something dubious. "Pride and Prejudice and Zombies"? "New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson in Russia"? At first glance, such books are a crime against literature, morality and human taste, but slow down – everything is done within the limits of the law. All books that have become classics are in the public domain, which means they are open to new interpretations. But how do writings get this status? And what happens after? We will try to answer these questions in as much detail as possible, and will understand the public domain inside out.

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The Library hosted a presentation of K. Tsybulski's book "I Stay Here" on June 8. The book was published in 2021 by the publishing house "Belarus" with the support of the Ministry of Information of the Republic of Belarus.

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