From December, 10th, to January, 8th, a thematic book exhibition “The human rights in the XXI century: current state, implementation, protection” timed to the Human Rights Day runs in the Official documents department (auditorium 207).
This Day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in (resolution 423 (V)) in 1950 and is observed annually on December, 10th. This date was chosen in honor of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10th, 1948 (resolution 217 А (III)).
The Declaration became the first international document to state the principles of human rights and to proclaim the rights of a person, the civil and political rights and freedoms. It is included into the Guinness Book of World Records as the document translated into more than 380 languages and dialects. Though the Declaration is not the obligatory document to observance, it has promoted the introduction of more than 60 legislative tools in the field of the human rights which have generated the uniform international standard. It has become the basis for the development of other international agreements. On December 16th, 1966, the UN General Assembly adopted the International Pact on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Pact on Civil and Political Rights which came into force in 1976.
International cooperation on the regional level has enabled to consider political, historical, cultural and economic features of each region and to reflect all of them in adopted documents, such as the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of 1950, the European Social Charter of 1961, the American Convention on Human Rights of 1969, the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights of 1981, the Arabian Charter on Human Rights of 1994.
The primary intent of the Human Rights Day is the triumph of freedom, safety and equality all over the world. The observance of this Day is the annual opportunity to appreciate everything that has already been made in the field of human rights, and to pay attention to any concrete aspect of these rights.
The offered exhibition includes over 100 documents of international organizations (UN, UNESCO, the European Union, the Council of Europe ets) in Russian and English languages: books, the UN mimeographed papers, brochures and booklets.
The exposition consists of the following thematic sections:
- The human rights: history, theory, present day.
- The international legislative tools for protection of civil, political, social, economic and cultural human right. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- The rights of women and children.
- The rights of refugees and migrants.
- The rights of national minorities and the indigenous.
- The elimination of racial discrimination and apartheid.
- The human rights education.
The exhibition will be interesting to specialists in international law, the world policy, international relations and human rights, and also university professors, students and postgraduates, political and public figures, and everyone who is concerned about the current state and implementation of human rights in the modern world.