Judo is a modern Japanese national wrestling, a modernized jujitsu; one of martial arts.

The origins and development of judo in the world

Nothing under the sun is greater than education. By educating one person and sending him into the society of his generation, we make a contribution extending a hundred generations to come

Jigoro Kano

Book Дзюдо. Страницы истории

Judo is a Japanese philosophy and martial art that originated in the late 19th century. Unlike boxing, karate and other combat sports, judo focuses on throws, armlocks, hold downs and chokes on the ground.

The world judo means “the gentle way” in Japanese, and the ideal judo practitioner – judoka – is a person who treats people and life extremely gently. Judo originates from the centuries-old tradition of martial arts, which was formed and developed in various schools of jujitsu of medieval Japan.

Jigoro Kano
Book Дзюдо. Страницы истории

Judo was originally created by the great martial artist, Jigoro Kano.

In 1882, young Jigoro Kano founded a martial arts school and named it Kodokan. Gradually, new wrestling system received a complete look. It included not only self-defense techniques, but also philosophical tenets. The competition rules were developed.

In the early 20th century, judo clubs appeared in the USA, France and Great Britain. In 1903, Japanese judoka Yamashita Yoshitsugu, also known as Yamashita Yoshiaki, demonstrated judo techniques for US President Theodore Roosevelt and then taught judo for two years at the United States Naval Academy.

On July 24, 1948, the European Judo Union (EJU) was founded.

In 1951, the International Judo Federation (IJF) began its work.

European judo championships have been held since 1951.

The first world judo championship was held in Tokyo in 1956, where athletes from 21 countries were represented. The fights were not divided into weight classes.

In 1964, judo was first included in the program of the Olympic Games. The Japanese wrestlers were the first in three categories.

The emergence of judo in Russia is associated with Vasily Oshchepkov, who was a researcher of different types of national wrestling and martial arts. He was sent to Japan, where he was admitted to the Kodokan Institute. After completing his studies, he returned to Russia and began to create sports sections.

Shota Chochishvili

At the 1962 European Championship in Essen (Germany), Anzor Kibrotsashvili and Anzor Kiknadze from the USSR judo team won two gold medals.

In 1972, the USSR Judo Federation was established.

Shota Chochishvili (coach Guram Papitashvili) became the first Soviet Olympic champion.

Women began to take part in international competitions since 1980, when the world judo championship was held in New York. Since 1992, women's judo has been included in the Olympic program. In the USSR, women's judo competitions began to be held from 1984.

At the end of the outgoing century, the Olympic Committee of Russia named the best judo practitioner of the twentieth century: the Honored Master of Sports of the USSR, Olympic champion, two-time world champion, five-time champion of the USSR, winner of the Games of the Peoples of the USSR, Nicolay Solodukhin. Yakub Koblev, the Honored Coach of the USSR, whose students won top awards at the European and World Championships and the Olympics, was named the best coach of Russia of the twentieth century.

The European Judo Union started kata tournaments in 2005. The International Judo Federation held the first Kata World Championship in Paris in 2008.

According to the International Amateur Wrestling Federation (FILA), judo, along with Greco-Roman wrestling, freestyle wrestling and sambo, is among the four most popular wrestling in the world.

The history of judo in Belarus

The history of judo in Belarus begins in 1962, when Alexander Lukashevich, a native of Vitebsk Region, was included in the USSR first national judo team. He won a silver medal at the European Championships (Essen, Germany).

Vasily Kosenyuk, a trainee of Vitaly Senko and Vladlen Zhogin, won the first gold medal at the 1968 European Championship. Performing among boys teams in London, he was the strongest in his weight class.

Vasily Kosenyuk
Book Дзюдо. Страницы истории

Vladlen Zhogin
Book Дзюдо. Страницы истории

In 1972, after the establishment of the USSR Judo Federation, the first judo sections began to appear on the territory of our country. At the Belarusian Polytechnic Institute, coaches Vitaly Senko and Semyon Tumanov formed a team to participate in judo competitions. However, judo in Belarus has been officially popularized since 1976, when the Wrestling and Sambo Federation of the BSSR was renamed into the Wrestling, Sambo and Judo Federation of the BSSR.

In 1977, the Judo Department of the Belarusian Institute of Physical Culture stared to enroll students; many graduates were sent to various sports organizations.

In 1978, the Belarusian athlete Vitaly Pesnyak won a bronze medal at the Soviet Union youth championship. In 1980, he won a gold medal at the European Championship among youth. At the 1983 European Championships in judo, he became the strongest judoka on the continent; in 1984 he was awarded the title of Honored Master of Sports.

Vitaly Pesnyak
Book Дзюдо. Страницы истории

Vitaly Pesnyak at the training
Book Дзюдо. Страницы истории

Since 1984, women’s judo had been developing in the BSSR.

At the first USSR Cup in 1987, the girls took the second team place, and at the USSR Championship, Olga Krulevich became the first.

In 1988, at the USSR Championship among girls, two athletes, Olga Krutovich and Veronika Kozlovskaya, won gold medals.

For the first time Belarusian judokas won the top prizes at international competitions: A. Tarasova won the European Championship, and Veronika Kozlovskaya won the World Championship among students.

In 1990, Tatyana Moskvina became the champion of the Soviet Union.

Tatyana Moskvina (on the right)
Magazine Гладиатор

Judo in Belarus at the present time

In 1993, the Belarusian Judo Federation was admitted as a member of the European Judo Union (EJU) and the International Judo Federation (IJF).

Since 1994, at the initiative of judo coach Vladimir Grishchenkov, international sports events have regularly been held in Belarus under the auspices of the European Judo Union and the International Judo Federation.

Bronze medals of the world championships were won by the Belarusian judokas, Natik Bagirov (1995, 1999, coaches: Semyon Gumanov, Magomed Ramazanov), Sergey Kukharenko (2003, coach Viktor Vnuchkin), Igor Makarov (2003, coach Vladimir Asin ), Andrey Kazusenok (2005), Daria Skrypnik (2015); silver medals were won by Yuri Rybak (2007) and Sergey (2009).

Natik Bagirov
Magazine Гладиатор

Daria Skrypnik
Magazine Наш спорт

At the 2000 Summer Olympic Games in Sydney, Anatoly Laryukov won a bronze medal. At the 2002 world championship, Denis Kuntsevich (coach Leonid Ryabtsev) won the highest award for the first time.

Anatoly Laryukov

Denis Kuntsevich

2004 was a triumphant year for Belarusian judo. Igor Makarov, a trainee of coach Vladimir Asin (Gomel), won the top prize at the Summer Olympic Games in Athens.
(The Article about I. Makarov)

Igor Makarov
Calendar Спортсмены Республики Беларусь на играх XXVIII Олимпиады в Афинах

Igor Makarov
Magazine Наш спорт

The Belarusian Judo Federation has organized a veteran movement. Belarusian veterans worthily represent the Republic of Belarus at international competitions. Master of Sports Georgy Borisevich won the title of European champion in 2004; Honored Coach of the USSR and the BSSR Semyon Gumanov won the bronze medal.

The Belarusian Judo Federation is a public sports association of judo experts and practitioners. Official site: https://www.judo.by.

In 2016, an independent judo site, JUDOKA.BY, was created to provide information and support in conducting tournaments and all sorts of events related to judo.

Sources used in the project


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