Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined amount of time in a boxing ring.

The origins and development of boxing in the world

Boxing is among the oldest sports; its original form was fist fighting. In antiquity, there were no round limits, and the athletes fought until one of them lost consciousness or acknowledged defeat.

Boxing gloves

Fist fighting was included in the program of the Olympic Games from about 688 BC in ancient Greece.

In the 4th century BC, the prototypes of modern boxing gloves appeared in the form of leather bands tied round the hands for protection. During the Roman Empire, in the 2nd century BC, gloves were strengthened with iron and lead inserts.

In 1681, a London newspaper published the announcement of the fight tournament.

In 1743, John “Jack” Broughton introduced the first boxing rules (Broughton’s Rules). At this time, the combat rules appeared, which required gloves and ring, and provided the formulas for fighting.

In 1747, A Treatise Upon the Useful Science of Defense was published, the world's first book on boxing, authored by captain John Godfrey.

In 1845, thanks to the Frenchman Ernesto Lustallo, boxing appeared in France.

In 1867, the English aristocrat Marquess of Queensberry published the more humane rules of boxing in gloves, which contained a number of restrictions.

In 1881, the first amateur boxing association was established in England.

In 1888, boxing was officially recognized in North America.

In 1898, Ernesto Lustallo organized the first boxing match in St. Petersburg.

In 1904, boxing was first included in the program of the 3rd Olympic Games.

At the 1904 Olympic Games, the demonstrations of female boxers were held. Their fights were more like entertainment shows. Boxing among women at this stage had not received further development.

In 1920, at the 6th Olympic Games in Antwerp, 114 athletes from 11 countries took part in boxing competitions. Since then, boxing remains one of the most interesting sports at the Olympics.

In 1920, the International Amateur Boxing Federation (Fédération Internationale de Boxe Amateur, FIBA) was established.

Louis Laurie

Since 1920, the European Championships has been held.

In 1936, the Barker Cup was established in Berlin. The prestigious boxing prize is awarded to the most technical fighter at the Olympics. Its first owner was an American, Louis Laurie.

In 1946, FIBA was transformed into the Amateur International Boxing Association (AIBA), which united national amateur boxing associations from more than 180 countries.

Valery Popenchenko

In 1950, the USSR was admitted in AIBA.

In 1963, the World Boxing Council (WBC) appeared, consisting of more than 160 national boxing associations and 9 regional organizations.

In 1964, at the 18th Olympic Games in Tokyo, Valery Popenchenko (USSR) was recognized as the best boxer of the tournament.

In 1974, at the initiative of the Boxing Federation of the USSR and under the AIBA patronage, the first World Boxing Championship in Havana was held, in which 265 boxers from 45 countries participated.

Between the 1970s and the 1980s, women boxing tournaments were held in England, Holland, the USA and other countries.

In the 1990s, AIBA recognized female boxing, which was previously banned.

The history of boxing in Belarus

In 1911, the first article about boxing competitions that took place in Grodno was published in Sokol magazine.

In 1928, at the initiative of V. Goldberg, the first sections of boxing appeared in Borisov. Vladimir Lebedev was among the first trainees. He later became one of the founders of boxing in Belarus and absolute champion of Belarus in 1930.

In 1929, the first section of boxing was opened in Minsk at the Belarusian State Technical School of Physical Culture.

In 1933, the Second USSR Boxing Championship was held in Minsk. At this time, courses for boxing coaches were organized. The methodological manual on weightlifting was published, for which Vladimir Lebedev wrote a chapter on boxing.

In 1949, Vladimir Kogan (coach Mikhail Panasyuk) became the first champion of the USSR in the history of Belarusian boxing.

In 1961, eight Belarusian athletes reached the final of the USSR championship. Five of them won medals: Alexander Zasukhin, gold; Willy Ilchenko and Anatoly Ivanov (coach Vladimir Kogan), silver; V. Kozlovsky and Gennady Kaminsky (coach Leonid Axelrod), bronze.

In the 1960s and 1970s, All-Union competitions in memory of Viktor Usov and Minsk International Tournament were held, which contributed to the growth of Belarusian boxers. New names appeared not only among the athletes, but also among the coaches who trained high-class boxers: Stanislav Gursky, Peter Himakov, Anatoly Grishuk, Vladimir Botvinnik, etc.

In 1972, Anatoliy Berezyuk became the champion of the USSR in the USSR boxing championship in Moscow.

Vladimir Kogan
Book Ринг зовет

Anatoliy Berezyuk

In 1988, Vyacheslav Yanovsky, captain of the USSR boxing team, became the welterweight champion at the Olympics in Seoul.

Boxing in Belarus at the present time

Since 1993, the Amateur Boxing Federation of the Republic of Belarus has been a full member of the AIBA and the EABA (Amateur International Boxing Association, European Amateur Boxing Association).

In 2000, at the EABA congress, summing up the results of thirty years of boxing development in Europe, the boxing leaders of the Republic of Belarus, the best coaches and athletes were awarded top honors, including the Honored Coaches of the Republic of Belarus, Alexander Grigorov and Piotr Vinnik.

Alexander Strizhak was awarded the Best Trainer of Belarus prize; Sergey Bykovsky was acknowledged the best boxer of the Republic of Belarus. The Olympic champion Vyacheslav Yanovsky won in the nomination “Best Boxer” (Seoul, 1988).

Vyacheslav Yanovsky

Alexander Strizhak

At the 2004 Olympics, Belarusian boxers Viktor Zuev (coach Anatoly Kolchin) and Magomed Aripgadzhiev (coaches Anatoly Grishuk and Gadzhimurad Abdullabekov) won silver medals.

Magomed Aripgadzhiev and Viktor Zuev
Calendar Спортсмены Республики Беларусь на Играх XXVIII Олимпиады в Афинах

Since 2005, boxing has been increasingly popular in Belarus. Republican boxing championships among women are held regularly.

2013 was a success for our female boxers: Victoria Kebikova won third place in the 69–75 kg weight category at the international tournament in Warsaw. At the 2018 World Championships, she won bronze and became the first Belarusian medal winner in this sport.

The national team successfully performed in the year of the 85th anniversary of the Belarusian boxing at the European Championship, winning 4 medals (Vazgen Safaryanetz, silver; Pavel Kostromin, Sergey Novikov and Viktor Zuev, bronze).

Today more than 8 thousand people are engaged in boxing in the Republic of Belarus.

Champions and winners of the First European games

Silver medal:

Dmitry Asanov, a Belarusian boxer, bronze medalist of the 2015World Championship, silver medalist of the 2015European Games, champion of Belarus, Honored Master of Sports of the Republic of Belarus (2016), international-class master of sports.

Dmitry Asanov
Calendar Нацыянальны Алімпійскі камітэт Рэспублікі Беларусь

Dmitry Asanov
Magazibe Наш спорт

Born in 1996 in Molodechno, he graduated from gymnasium No. 6. In childhood, in addition to boxing, Dmitry also played football, but over time he decided to concentrate fully on boxing. Dmitry’s father, Sergei Asanov, who worked at a local sports school, was his first coach.

At the age of 16 he won the European Boxing Championship and received the title of Master of Sports. In 2015, Dmitry Asanov became the first Belarusian champion among adults. In the summer of the same year, Dmitry took part in the first European Games in Baku, where he won the silver medal and thus received the title of M Master of International-class Sports..
(The Article about D. Asanov)

Sources used in the project:


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